About Enugu State
Enugu State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria, and was created in 1991 from the eastern two-thirds of Anambra State. Less formally, it is also known as the Wawa state, because the people in this area respond with ‘wa’ (used as an emphasising ‘no’) rather than ‘mba’ used in other parts of Igboland. Located in the southeast of the country, Enugu spreads its borders to the states of Kogi and Benue to the north, Ebonyi to the east, Abia and Imo to the south and Anambra to the west, covering an area of around 8,730 km2. Enugu town, the state capital, lies at the foot of the Udi hills and is surrounded by attractive stretched hills and lies at an altitude of 240 metres above sea level. Conformably, its name consists out of the 2 words ‘Enu’ (top) and ‘Ugwu’ (hill) resulting to ‘hill top’.
Enugu state is noted for her cultural diversity, beautiful sceneries and undiluting plateau. In Enugu state, tourism is coal. Our investment and our charm emanates from the unique forest dynasty of Ngwo pine forest, Eziagu tourism complex, Iva valley coal mine , Awhum waterfall, Opi lake complex, Milken hill, Ani Ozalla Lake, Silicon hill, among other attractions.
Enugu State is home to the Igbo speaking peoples, widely noted for their industry, entrepreneurship, resourcefulness, travelling and most importantly hospitality (it is custom to greet people very warmly first, asking about their family and health, before starting any business). The Igbos have had long contact with western influences and English is spoken widely. Christianity is the major religion, mostly due to the history of contact with the west in the pre-colonial period. Farming and trading constitute the key occupations in the state’s economy: yam, cassava and palm-oil products are the main crops, but corn, rice, pumpkin, melon, beans, okra, avocado, pineapple and even cashew nuts are cultivated as well.
Enugu was "founded" in 1909, when Mr. Kikson, a british mining engineer , stumbled on large coal reserves in Udi ridge while looking for silver. Lord Luggard, the then collonial governor, took keen interest in the unexpected discovery. By 1914, the first shipment of coal was made to Port Harcourt. Attracted by the increasing minning activities, Iva valley, coal camp and Asata were established by foreing enterprenues and indigenous laborers. Enugu aquired township status in 1917, and was called Enugwu-Ngwo, but because of the rapid expansions towards areas owned by other indigenous communities, the city was renamed in 1928 to Enugu. The name Enugu began arround Nike village called Ogui.
In 1939, Enugu became the capital of the eastern province of Nigeria. It also became the administrative city of the eastern region in 1951 when the country was sub divided into three areas, and subsequently became the capital of the East central state upon the creation of 12 states in Nigeria. In 1967, the state served briefly as the provisional capital of the secessionist Republic of Biafra, and the the capital of Anambra state. In 1991, Enugu state was created from the old Anambra state.